Essential medicines and health products


Any comprehensive system of quality assurance must be founded on a reliable system of controlling the quality, safety and efficacy of a finished product delivered to a market. It is important that all manufacturing operations are carried out in conformity with the accepted norms of GMP.
The distribution channel and supply chain need to follow quality assurance as well in order that patients are getting quality medicines. WHO has issued a number of international standards assisting Member States and those involved in the supply chain.

Starting materials



Finished Products



Technical supplements to WHO Technical Report Series, No. 961, 2011