Medicines

WHO guideline on country pharmaceutical pricing policies

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Authors:
Alexandra Cameron, Suzanne Hill, Patti Whyte, Sarah Ramsey and Lisa Hedman.

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Publication details

Editors: Sarah Ramsey
Number of pages: 131
Publication date: 2013
Languages: English

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Overview

Medicines account for 20–60% of health spending in low- and middle-income countries, compared with 18% in countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Up to 90% of the population in developing countries purchase medicines through out-of-pocket payments, making medicines the largest family expenditure item after food. As a result, medicines, particularly those with higher costs, may be unaffordable for large sections of the global population and are a major burden on government budgets.