Epilepsy is the most common serious brain disorder worldwide with no age, racial, social class, national nor geographic boundaries.
- There are 40-50 million sufferers in the world today, 85% of whom live in developing countries.
- An estimated two million new cases occur each year globally.
- At least 50% of cases begin at childhood or adolescence.
- 70% to 80% of people with epilepsy could lead normal lives if properly treated.
- In developing countries, 60% to 90% of people with epilepsy receive no treatment due to inadequacies in health care resources and delivery, and due to social stigma.
The disorder may be caused in predisposed individuals by:
- any brain disease or injury such as perinatal or other traumas, infections such as meningitis or encephalitis, vascular disease, degenerative disease, tumour, OR
- abuse of alcohol, some drugs or other toxic substances. In developing countries many cases of epilepsy are related to preventable parasitic diseases, e.g. neurocysticercosis, malaria, schistosomiasis.
Global Campaign Against Epilepsy
Global Campaign Against Epilepsy Declarations and Documents