THE WHO PACKAGE FOR MENTAL HEALTH LEGISLATION & HUMAN RIGHTS
WHO has developed a number of technical guidance documents as well as training material and tools to provide support to countries in mental health, human rights, and legislation, particularly:
- The WHO resource book on mental health, human rights and legislation;
- The WHO legislation evaluation checklist;
- The monitoring tool kit.
THE WHO RESOURCE BOOK ON MENTAL HEALTH, HUMAN RIGHTS & LEGISLATION
A key publication is the WHO Resource Book on Mental Health, Human Rights and Legislation (currently available in English, Russian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Chinese. Arabic version will be available in 2007). The Resource Book outlines the three key elements of effective legislation: context, content and process – in other words, the “why”, “what” and “how” of mental health legislation. Specifically, it provides information and guidance on:
- International human rights standards related to people with mental disorders which need to guide national mental health laws;
- Key issues that need to be considered and included in national mental health law;
- Strategies and best practice examples to facilitate the process of developing, adopting and implementing mental health legislation.
WHO Resource book on mental health, human rights and legislation
The WHO Resource Book on Mental Health, Human Rights and Legislation brings together important information on international human rights standards related to mental health. It provides practical guidance on key issues that governments need to consider and incorporate into their national mental health laws, as well as useful strategies to facilitate the development, adoption and implementation of the laws.
THE WHO LEGISLATION EVALUATION CHECKLIST
Another essential tool is the WHO Checklist on Mental Health Legislation (to be found in Annex 1 of the Resource Book or by using the link below), which can be used in conjunction with the Resource Book. The checklist is designed to assist countries in assessing whether key components are included in their mental health law, and in ensuring that the broad recommendations contained in the Resource Book are carefully examined and considered.
In addition, WHO has developed a number of tools and training exercises, designed to help countries to:
- critically review the comprehensiveness and adequacy of existing mental health legislation, and
- identify the steps they need to take for drafting, adopting and implementing a new law.
THE MONITORING TOOL KIT
a publication to come in 2009