Mental health

First WHO World Suicide Report

Over 800 000 people die by suicide every year – that’s one person every 40 seconds. Yet these deaths are preventable.

In WHO’s first suicide report “Preventing suicide: a global imperative” information is included on what is known about suicide across the world, groups at particular risk of suicide, and what can be done at both societal and individual level to reduce the number of deaths from suicide.

Suicide data

Over 800,000 people die due to suicide every year and there are many more who attempt suicide. Hence, many millions of people are affected or experience suicide bereavement every year. Suicide occurs throughout the lifespan and was the second leading cause of death among 15-29 year olds globally in 2012. It is a global phenomenon in all regions of the world; in fact, 75% of global suicide occurred in low- and middle-income countries in 2012. Suicide accounted for 1.4% of all deaths worldwide, making it the 15th leading cause of death in 2012. Effective and evidence-based interventions can be implemented at population, sub-population and individual levels to prevent suicide and suicide attempts.

World Suicide Prevention Day, 10 September

World Suicide Prevention Day (WSPD), on 10 September, is organized by the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP). WHO is co-sponsor of the day. The purpose of this day is to raise awareness around the globe that suicide can be prevented.

In past years, over 300 activities in around 70 countries were reported to IASP, including educational and commemorative events, press briefings and conferences, as well as Facebook and Twitter coverage.

Highlights

fact buffet

Suicide

> 800 000persons die from suicide globally each year - one death every 40 seconds

Fact sheet

Data quality

60countries have good-quality vital registration data on suicide

Quality of suicide mortality data

National strategy

28countries are reported having one for suicide prevention

WHO MiNDbank