Noncommunicable diseases and their risk factors

Global school-based student health survey (GSHS) purpose and methodology

GSHS implementation in Malawi
GSHS implementation in Malawi

The purpose of the GSHS is to provide accurate data on health behaviours and protective factors among students to:

  • Help countries develop priorities, establish programmes, and advocate for resources for school health and youth health programmes and policies;
  • Allow international agencies, countries, and others to make comparisons across countries regarding the prevalence of health behaviours and protective factors; and
  • Establish trends in the prevalence of health behaviours and protective factors by country for use in evaluation of school health and youth health promotion.

The GSHS is a school-based survey conducted primarily among students aged 13-17 years. The GSHS uses a standardized scientific sample selection process; common school-based methodology; and core questionnaire modules, core-expanded questions, and country-specific questions that are combined to form a self-administered questionnaire which can be administered during one regular class period.

Core questionnaire modules & core-expanded questions

Countries develop their unique questionnaire for students using the three components described above: Core Modules, Core Expanded questions and Country Specific questions. The questions are translated into the appropriate language of instruction for the students and pilot tested for comprehension. All questions share common characteristics to enhance the flow of the survey and comprehension by the student. To help protect student privacy, no skip patterns are allowed.

The 10 core questionnaire modules address the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among children and adults worldwide:

  • alcohol use
  • dietary behaviours
  • drug use
  • hygiene
  • mental health
  • physical activity
  • protective factors
  • sexual behaviours
  • tobacco use
  • violence and unintentional injury.

Current version of questionnaire

Core Questionnaire
Modules

:: English [pdf 109kb]
:: Spanish [pdf 107kb]
Core-Expanded
Questions

:: English [pdf 184kb]
:: Spanish [pdf 298kb]
Core Questionnaire Modules
Item Rationales

:: English [pdf 106kb]
:: Spanish [pdf 120kb]


Previous versions of questionnaire

In use from 2009 through 2012:

Core Questionnaire
Modules

:: English [pdf 208kb]
:: Spanish [pdf 51kb]
Core-Expanded
Questions

:: English [pdf 313kb]
:: Spanish [pdf 95kb]
Core Questionnaire Modules
Item Rationales

:: English [pdf 106kb]
:: Spanish [pdf 121kb]

In use from 2003 through 2008:

Core Questionnaire
Modules

:: English [pdf 282kb]
:: French [pdf 345kb]
:: Russian [pdf 279kb]
:: Spanish [pdf 181kb]
Core-Expanded
Questions

:: English [pdf 204kb]
:: French [pdf 237kb]
Core Questionnaire Modules
Item Rationales

:: English [pdf 32kb]
:: French [pdf 204kb]

See also

For more information