Neglected tropical diseases

New global strategy seeks accelerated efforts to end leprosy

20 April 2016 | Geneva -- WHO has called for accelerated efforts and stronger commitments to stop the transmission of leprosy and do away with associated discrimination and stigma.

A new global leprosy strategy Accelerating towards a leprosy-free-world launched today builds on the principle of inclusivity and focuses on early detection of cases with improved access to health care coverage for marginalized populations.

©Ed Hanley
A young girl with a classic leprosy rash undergoing treatment in the very early stages of infection

Lowest caseload recorded as the world prepares to defeat sleeping sickness

16 April 2016 | Geneva −− Novel medicines, better diagnostic tools and improved vector control methods are need to achieve enhanced surveillance of the gambiense form of sleeping sickness (human African trypanosomiasis) amid record low levels of cases recorded in 2015.

The World Health Organization targets the elimination of this commonest form of the disease as a 'public health problem' by 2020.

© A. Ybarra Zavala/Getty images
Novel medicines and diagnostic tools: crucial to eliminating sleeping sickness

Commission applauds historic decline in human cases of guinea-worm disease

30 March 2016 | Geneva −− The International Commission for the Certification of Dracunculiasis Eradication (ICCDE) has acknowledged the unprecedented decline in the number of dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease) cases as a ‘major public health achievement’.
In 2015, only 22 human cases, representing a remarkable 83% reduction, were reported to WHO, compared with 126 in 2014.
The Commission fully supported focused research aimed at resolving infections occurring in animals, particularly among dogs.

WHO team during surveillance mission in a village, South Sudan.

WHO Vector Control Advisory Group recommendations for emergency response and preparedness for Zika virus

18 March 2016 | Geneva −− Following the outbreak of Zika virus disease in many parts of the world, the WHO Advisory Group on Vector Control (VCAG) held an extraordinary meeting on 14−15 March in Geneva, Switzerland to review five potential vector control tools and existing tools.

© C. Simon/Getty Images

WHO Vector Control Advisory Group emergency meeting deliberates vector control tools

14 March 2016 | Geneva –– A two-day emergency meeting of the Vector Control Advisory Group (VCAG) is discussing the use of new vector control tools.

The meeting also groups together innovators who are scheduled to provide evidence gathered from diverse conditions.

A position statement is expected at the end of the meeting.

© Oswaldo Cruz Institute

WHO urges increased access to praziquantel as schistosomiasis treatment coverage improves

16 February 2016 | Geneva –– The World Health Organization (WHO) is urging countries to implement WHO recommendations on treating all peoples affected by schistosomiasis (bilharzia), beyond the traditional target of treating only school-age children.
Scaled up interventions have significantly improved global coverage of treatment among school-children and other at-risk groups.

School-aged children queueing up for treatment in Nairobi, Kenya
©I. Prondzynski

World’s largest deworming campaign targets 270 million children in one day

10 February 2016 | Geneva −− An estimated 270 million children across India received deworming medicine (albendazole) during the second National Deworming Day.

Nearly 900 000 people, including teachers, school principals and health workers, participated in what's considered to be the world's largest public health campaign.

© Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India
Child ingesting albendazole tablet at a school in Telangana, 10 February 2016

Improved availability of new test to enhance global lymphatic filariasis elimination

05 February 2016 | Geneva −− A new diagnostic test enabling countries to determine when to stop large-scale treatment of populations to eliminate lymphatic filariasis (also known as elephantiasis) is now available.

The Filariasis Test Strip is a new point-of-care rapid diagnostic test and around 750 000 are expected to be distributed in more than 20 countries in 2016.

Laboratory technician using new test during training
©WHO/ J. King

fact buffet


99%of people infected live mostly in rural areas of 31 African countries.

Fact sheet on onchocerciasis

Chagas disease

8 millionpeople estimated to be infected worldwide, mostly in Latin America.

Fact sheet on Chagas disease


22 casesoccurred in 2015 in only 4 countries in Africa.

Fact sheet on guinea-worm disease

One of the biggest challenges in the control of the Aedes Egypti mosquito is its adaptation and resilience. Watch Dr. Raman Velayudhan’s comments.