Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) account for 16 % of the estimated global burden of communicable diseases
Vector control is an important component in the prevention and control of VBDs, especially for transmission control. VEM, as a cross-cutting activity, develops and promotes strategies, guidelines and standards for vector control, including sound managment of pesticides. VEM promotes integrated vector management to improve efficacy, cost-effectiveness, ecological soudness and sustainability of vector control interventions for VBD control. VEM goal, objectives and strategies
IVM is a rational decision-making process for the optimal use of resources for vector control
The approach seeks to improve the efficacy, cost-effectiveness, ecological soundness and sustainability of vector control interventions for vector-borne disease control.
The ultimate goal is to prevent the transmission of vector-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, Japanese encephalitis, leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis and Chagas disease.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has established a Vector Control Advisory Group (VCAG) on New Tools to serve as an advisory body to WHO on new forms of vector control for malaria and other vector-borne diseases.
This is an advisory group jointly established by the WHO Global Malaria Programme (GMP) and WHO Department of Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD).
Dengue is fast emerging pandemic-prone viral disease in many parts of the world
Dengue flourishes in urban poor areas, suburbs and the countryside but also affects more affluent neighbourhoods in tropical and subtropical countries. Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection causing a severe flu-like illness and, sometimes causing a potentially lethal complication called severe dengue. The incidence of dengue has increased 30-fold over the last 50 years. Up to 50-100 million infections are now estimated to occur annually in over 100 endemic countries, putting almost half of the world’s population at risk. Read more on dengue
Other VEM publications (also see WHOPES)
Monitoring and evaluation indicators for integrated vector management
Global strategy for the prevention and control of dengue 2012−2020
Core structure for training curricula on integrated vector management
Guidance on policy-making for integrated vector management
Handbook on integrated vector management
WHO Consultation on development of a global action plan for integrated vector management (IVM).
Dengue guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control
WHO Position statement on integrated vector management
Global strategic framework for integrated vector management