Neglected tropical diseases

Vector Ecology and Management (VEM)

Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) account for 16 % of the estimated global burden of communicable diseases

Vector control is an important component in the prevention and control of VBDs, especially for transmission control. VEM, as a cross-cutting activity, develops and promotes strategies, guidelines and standards for vector control, including sound managment of pesticides. VEM promotes integrated vector management to improve efficacy, cost-effectiveness, ecological soudness and sustainability of vector control interventions for VBD control. VEM goal, objectives and strategies

Integrated Vector Management (IVM)

IVM is a rational decision-making process for the optimal use of resources for vector control

The approach seeks to improve the efficacy, cost-effectiveness, ecological soundness and sustainability of vector control interventions for vector-borne disease control.

The ultimate goal is to prevent the transmission of vector-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, Japanese encephalitis, leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis and Chagas disease.

Vector Control Advisory Group on new tools (VCAG)

The World Health Organization (WHO) Vector Control Advisory Group (VCAG) on new tools serves as an advisory body to WHO on new forms of vector control for malaria and other vector-borne diseases. This advisory group was jointly established by the Global Malaria Programme and the Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases.

VCAG aims to support the control and elimination of vector-borne diseases by providing a pathway forward for novel forms of vector control.


Dengue is fast emerging pandemic-prone viral disease in many parts of the world

Dengue flourishes in urban poor areas, suburbs and the countryside but also affects more affluent neighbourhoods in tropical and subtropical countries. Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection causing a severe flu-like illness and, sometimes causing a potentially lethal complication called severe dengue. The incidence of dengue has increased 30-fold over the last 50 years. Up to 50-100 million infections are now estimated to occur annually in over 100 endemic countries, putting almost half of the world’s population at risk. Read more on dengue

VEM Headlines

Latest news !

27 October 2014 | Geneva
Report on the Second Meeting of the WHO Vector Control Advisory Group July 2014, ISBN 978 92 4 150802 5

17 May 2013 | Geneva
The Vector Control Research Centre (Pondicherry. India), under the Indian Council of Medical Research, Govt of India has opened applications for admission to a two-year Post-Graduate Degree Course in Public Health Entomology at the Centre. Interested candidates are invited to apply. The last date for applications is 14 June 2013 and the course begins on 1st August 2013.

28 August 2012 | Geneva
Global Strategy for Dengue Prevention and Control: 2012−2020

16 February 2012 | Geneva
Core structure, handbook and policy guidance on Integrated Vector Management