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Surveillance, prevention and management of chronic, noncommunicable diseases: global programming notes 2006-2007

Scaling up blindness prevention and treatment

Three quarters of the world's blindness can be prevented or treated. About 90% of people suffering from blindness live in developing countries where preservation of visual health remains an unresolved public health challenge. Building on the "VISION 2020: The Right to Sight" Global Initiative in partnership with leading organizations, WHO is providing technical assistance to Departments of Health to develop national prevention of blindness plans and initiating their implementation. To progress in VISION 2020 implementation, 26 countries were identified for intensified support.
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World Health Assembly Resolution WHA56.26
World Health Assembly Resolution WHA59.25

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Vision 2020
Report of the first five years of Vision 2020 (2000-2005) [pdf 1.34Mb]

Strengthening commitment for chronic disease prevention and health promotion

4 out of 5 chronic disease deaths occur in developing countries, and the poorest countries, and the poorest people are the worst affected. Chronic diseases - the major cause of premature adult deaths in all regions of the world - have been generally neglected on the international health and development agenda. WHO is working to dispel common misunderstandings and advocate for increased political and financial investment in chronic disease prevention and control. The Global Report "Preventing chronic diseases. A vital investment" was launched in October 2005. Continued coordination of global advocacy and communication will further strengthen the presence of chronic disease and health promotion issues on global and national health development agendas.
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World Health Assembly Resolution WHA53.17

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Preventing chronic diseases: a vital investment [pdf 7.32Mb]
Integrated chronic disease and control

Promoting healthy diets and physical activity

80% of deaths attributable to chronic diseases - heart attacks, strokes, cancers and diabetes - happen in developing countries, where those affected are younger than in developed countries. At the same time, 2 out of 3 overweight and obese people now live in developing countries, the vast majority in emerging markets and transition economies. WHO is helping developing countries to accelerate the development of national action plans to promote behaviour that include healthy diet and physical activity, and foster energy balance.
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World Health Assembly Resolution WHA57.17

Related document

Framework to monitor and evaluate the implementation of the Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health

Intensifying action against cancer

60% of all new cancer patients around the world will be living in developing countries by 2025. Cancer is already exceeding the number of deaths caused by tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS and malaria taken together. WHO is developing a cancer control strategy and building cancer control networks. WHO will also launch a report on global cancer control in early 2006, providing advice about best practices in cancer control.
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This global programming note will be available for download in due course.


World Health Assembly Resolution WHA58.22

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Global Action Against Cancer Now [pdf 645kb]
Cancer control: knowledge into action

Tracking the key risk factors for chronic diseases in 192 countries

35 million people die each year from cardiovascular diseases, cancers, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases around the world. Many of these often premature deaths are preventable because the 8 risk factors are known and modifiable. WHO is using the internet to make evidence available in 192 countries on chronic disease risk factor detection and control.
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This global programming note will be available for download in due course.

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STEPwise approach to noncommunicable disease surveillance

Contact us

Dr Oleg Chestnov
Assistant Director-General
Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health
World Health Organization

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