Test your knowledge of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs)
1 How many people die every year from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including cancer, heart diseases and stroke, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases?
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) represent the leading cause of death globally. In 2015, NCDs were responsible for 40 million (70%) of the world's 56 million deaths, with 27% (15 million) dying prematurely (between the ages of 30 and 70); over 80% of these premature deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries.
2 Choose which behavioral risk factors contribute to a person developing a NCD? (multiple answers)
These 4 common behavioral risk factors increase the risk of people developing one or more NCDs. Globalization, population growth, and population ageing are factors in the increasing NCD burden.
3 Of the following, which disease causes most death worldwide?
Cardiovascular disease, one of the 4 main NCDs, kills approximately 17.7 million people worldwide every year more than HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined. Three-quarters of all cardiovascular disease deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), demonstrating how inequality negatively affects NCDs survival rates.
4 Women around the world are most likely to die from:
Despite common perceptions as "male" diseases, ischaemic heart disease and stroke are the leading causes of death in women worldwide. This is due in large part to exposure to tobacco, unhealthy diets, and physical inactivity that starts as early as adolescence. An effective NCD response within countries and communities will integrate prevention and control interventions into reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health programmes and policies.
5 The following is a good way to prevent noncommunicable diseases:
Unhealthy diets are a leading risk factor for developing obesity and NCDs, including diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. Preventing these NCDs means eating more fruits and vegetables, and limiting the consumption of processed foods high in salt, sugar, and fat.
6 What proportion of cancers can be prevented ?
Between 30–50% of cancers can currently be prevented. This can be accomplished by avoiding risk factors and implementing existing evidence-based prevention strategies. The cancer burden can also be reduced through early detection of cancer and management of patients who develop cancer. Many cancers have a high chance of cure if diagnosed early and treated adequately.
7 Governments have agreed to reduce premature NCD deaths by the year 2030.
True. Governments have agreed to reduce premature deaths from NCDs by one-third by 2030 as part of achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
8 What percentage of woman die from cervical cancer in low- and middle-income countries?
Approximately 90% of women who die from cervical cancer globally hail from low- and middle-income countries. The vast majority of these deaths can be prevented by vaccination against human papilloma virus (HPV) or cervical cancer screening.