Noncommunicable diseases and mental health

Definitions

Types of tools

Official guidelines and political documents

Tools that serve as directives either by being endorsed or adopted policies; or are official WHO guidelines or recommendations that contain political, normative or standardized messages to be considered in the implementation process of national policies.

Information tools

Tools that can be used to provide messages and knowledge. These includes tools to highlight the scale of problems and importance of action; as well as tools that help organize and present data. Information tools should be evidence-based and can be presented as fact sheets, reports, information platforms or similar.

Implementation tools

Tools that provide practical steps towards reaching the goals set by the Member States, in order for strategies to be implemented at local, national or regional levels. They may include capacity-building modules, risk factor-reducing strategies, multisectoral policy implementation steps or similar. It also contains tools that give guidance on the application of effective interventions and processes.

Surveillance tools

Tools that assess the current status of a local, national or regional situation. Tools of this category are designed for assessment, monitoring, evaluation and surveillance. They are used to to collect information about relevant factors such as capacity, risk factors, the status of implementation or similar. Such tools also include monitoring and evaluation tools such as databases and surveys.


Target groups

Public health - and Health care providers

Those working in the provision of health care and public health services. Tools targeting this group are intended to change practice routines, to promote new strategies for prevention, screening and treatment.

Policy makers

Those who have the authority to make decisions for governments. Tools for this group include practical help to make decisions for priority setting, developing strategies and the evaluation of programs.

Service managers

Those who have the task to prepare strategies, develop action plans on a national level in the health care sector or in other sectors. Tools for this group include concrete instructions on which actions- in assessment, implementation i.e. for capacity, training and regulations, monitoring and evaluation- should be undertaken.

Public audience

Those in civil society, private households, patient groups, Non-governmental organizations, media or others outside of the governmental sector. They can be in the health care sector or in other sectors.

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