Nutrition

Technical Consultation: Salt reduction and iodine fortification strategies in public health

co-sponsored by the George Institute for Global Health, Australia

In collaboration with the International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders Global Network
25 - 27 March 2013
Sydney, Australia

Scope and purpose

The Department of Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases and the Department of Nutrition for Health and Development, at the World Health Organization in collaboration with The George Institute for Global Health and the International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders Global Network, are convening this consultation to develop approaches for Member States and stakeholders on strategies to reduce salt/sodium intake at the population level while ensuring an adequate iodine nutrition.

The overall outcomes of this meeting are:

  • the development of a framework for creating an enabling environment for iodine fortification to complement existing salt/sodium reduction strategies; and
  • the development of an algorithm for adapting iodine fortification as salt reduction occurs.

The WHO Department of Nutrition for Health and Development has strengthened its role in providing evidence-informed policy and programme guidance to Member States, in partnership with the Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases and other relevant internal partners and guided by the new WHO guidelines development process. In collaboration with internal partners, including is updating. The discussions of this consultation will also provide inputs for this guideline development process to assure that considerations to sodium/salt reductions strategies are considered in updating evidence-informed guidelines for salt iodization in public health.

Specific objectives

  • Review and discuss ongoing initiatives, policies and programmes aimed at reducing salt/sodium intake at the population level and using salt as a vehicle for iodine fortification in public health, including recognizing successes, failures and key factors for sustainability of interventions.
  • Review existing protocols and surveys used for monitoring of sodium and/or iodine consumption and assess potential adaptation in monitoring and evaluation of sodium and iodine intake.
  • Discuss the role of food manufacturers in the synergistic implementation of both the population-based salt/sodium reduction strategies and the salt iodization programmes.
  • Review ongoing research on safety, efficacy and effectiveness of use of potassium enriched (sodium reduced) iodized salt in public health.
  • Identify innovative strategies and potential barriers to ensure that the campaigns for salt/sodium reduction and salt as a vehicle for fortification can be run in parallel and with equal success.

Specific outcomes

  • List of considerations for supporting national and international efforts in reducing in salt/sodium intake at the population level and using salt as a vehicle for iodine fortification.
  • Draft plan on next steps for a multi-sectoral approach in support of the global efforts for reducing salt intake and preventing iodine deficiency disorders
  • An updated research agenda for safety, effectiveness and in-country feasibility studies for the use of potassium enriched (sodium reduced) iodized salt in public health
  • A research agenda in the area of iodine fortification and sodium/salt reduction strategies in public health.
Share