Infant Feeding in Emergencies Module 1
For emergency relief staff
The title "Infant Feeding in Emergencies" has been chosen as the Modules cover breastfeeding and artificial feeding in natural disasters, complex emergencies, and large-scale population displacements. Major problems are often experienced with infant feeding, increasing the risk of malnutrition and death in this vulnerable age group.
Module 1 provides an overall introduction to infant feeding in emergencies, and explains why it is an important concern. It discusses the many challenges, describes relevant aspects of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes, gives agreed Operational Guidance for emergency relief staff and policy makers, and suggests how to establish conditions that support breastfeeding and reduce dangers of artificial feeding. It can be used by itself, or as preparation for Module 2, according to the audience.
As part of the Additional Material, which complements the Core Manual, Module 2 includes information on relactation, and the management of breast conditions. Reflecting realities in the field, and in the context of a lack of guidance on these issues, Severely malnourished infants less than 6 months old, and When children are not breastfed, are also included as part of the Additional Material.
For Module 1, the target is all emergency relief workers, including those involved in site management, or responsible for technical tasks such as water, sanitation, and supplies. These people are important in establishing conditions for adequate infant feeding, but may be only indirectly concerned with the care of mothers/caregivers and infants.