Nutritional care of children and adults with Ebola virus disease in treatment centres
This interim guideline lays out some basic principles of optimal nutritional care for adults and paediatric patients during treatment and convalescence in Ebola treatment units, community care centres or to other centres where Ebola patients are receiving care and support.
It highlights the key clinical problems in patients affected by Ebola virus disease (EVD) that may interfere with their nutritional status and overall clinical support in the context of the current Ebola crisis, and summarizes their nutritional needs. It does not provide specific advice on fluid management in cases of vomiting, diarrhoea and dehydration or parenteral nutrition.
The aim is to provide guidance to programme managers and relevant health staff of organizations that implement or contribute to EVD treatment programmes, as well as to ministries of health, particularly in low- and middle-income countries facing this Ebola crisis. The application of the recommendations provided may vary with the context and capacity of treatment units.
This interim guideline should be adapted accordingly. It is anticipated that it will be updated within 6 months, as needed, in light of increased field experience, ongoing research and data analysis.