Complementary feeding: report of the global consultation
Summary of guiding principles
WHO convened the Global Consultation on Complementary Feeding to update technical guidelines on complementary feeding and strengthen guidance on programmatic actions for their implementation. Background papers summarized state of the art knowledge on energy and nutrient requirements, factors affecting feeding behaviours, approaches for improving quality and utilization of complementary foods at household and central levels, and lessons learned from efforts to improve breastfeeding practices.
This report summarizes the conclusions and recommendations of the consultation. It includes revised guidelines for appropriate complementary feeding based on new calculations of energy and nutrient requirements, and accumulating evidence on the importance of responsive feeding. This information has been consolidated in Guiding Principles for Complementary Feeding of the Breastfed Child. The report also summarizes lessons learned from large-scale programmes to improve complementary feeding and proposes ten action steps that can be taken in health facilities to ensure that adequate support is provided for complementary feeding, along with support for sustained breastfeeding.