Infant and young child feeding: A tool for assessing national practices, policies and programmes
A comprehensive Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding, which was developed during the period 1999–2001, was formally endorsed by the World Health Organization’s governing bodies in 2002. The Global Strategy builds on past and continuing achievements, including the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes (1981) and the Baby-friendly Hospital Initiative (1991). It reaffirms the relevance and urgency of the four operational targets of the Innocenti Declaration on the Protection, Promotion and Support of Breastfeeding (1990), and it includes as a priority for all governments the achievement of five additional operational targets.
This assessment tool is designed to assist in gathering and presenting relevant information; in determining the strengths and weaknesses of national policies and programmes to protect, promote and support appropriate feeding practices; and in deciding where improvements may be needed to meet the aim and objectives of the Global Strategy. Ideally, an intersectoral team – including, for example, programme managers and staff responsible for nutrition and maternal and child health, academics, and national and international nongovernmental organizations – will use the tool as a basis for strengthening national policies and programmes that contribute to improved infant and young child feeding.