Diet, nutrition, and the prevention of chronic diseases
Report of a WHO Study Group meeting held in Geneva from 6-13 March 1989 (WHO Technical Report Series 797)
Although nutrient deficiency diseases are still prevalent in some countries, and are an important cause of ill-health and premature death, nutrient-associated chronic diseases due to incorrect balance or an excess of nutrients are now of significant importance in virtually all countries, developing and developed alike. Countries that can provide sufficient food for their population now need to turn their attention to the quality of the diet. This report of a WHO Study Group discusses the relations between intake of the nutrients that should not be consumed in excess and the incidence of chronic diseases, in particular coronary hearth disease, various cancers, in particular coronary heart disease, various cancers, and diabetes. It includes details of the population nutrient goals that the Group formulated for the various types of carbohydrates and fats and for protein and salt, together with the reasoning behind the decisions. The report then considers how to pursuit of these goals may affect national food and nutrition policies, and the implications for agricultural and economic policies. Finally, recommendations are made for action by WHO and by national governments to encourage and implement the policies proposed.