Consultation on Nutrition and HIV/AIDS in Africa
Evidence, lessons, and recommendations for action
The consultation on Nutrition and HIV/AIDS, was held in Durban, South Africa, 10-13 April 2005. Seven UN agencies participated - WHO, UNICEF, FAO, WFP, UNHCR, UNAIDS, IAEA - as well as the World Bank, the USA National Institute of Health and the South African Department of Health and representatives from 20 countries in south and east Africa, 21 NGO's, 5 Regional groups, health professionals, HIV/AIDS networks and donors.
The latest available scientific evidence and detailed reviews with respect to the macronutrient needs of HIV-infected people, the special nutritional needs of HIV-infected pregnant and lactating women and their children, and the nutritional needs of HIV-infected adults and children receiving antiretroviral treatment were undertaken and submitted to the technical consultation in Durban. The evidence was gathered with the assistance of the WHO Technical Advisory Group on Nutritional and HIV/AIDS which acts as an international technical advisory body with responsibility for making recommendations to the Director-General on appropriate action in national and international settings.
A statement (which is attached as an annex to the EB116/12) was put out by participants which called the integration of nutrition into essential package of care, treatment and support for people living with HIV/AIDS.
The strategies and action steps reached at the consultation will be used as the main platform for WHO to take the necessary measures in this area. WHO will be focusing on the development of global recommendations, preparation, revision and dissemination of operational guidelines and assessments tools; strengthening human capacity and skills; and ensuring that all products, and efforts, will lead to the integration of nutrition within the response to the pandemic based on evidence and scientific findings.
The result will be the enhancement of Member States' capacity to improve the nutritional status of HIV-infected adults and children, not only in sub-Saharan Africa but also globally.