Preventing bloodstream infections from central line venous catheters
Eliminating catheter related bloodstream infections
Central venous catheters are life-saving and the majority of patients in intensive care units (ICUs) have them placed in order to receive medicine and fluids. However, the use of these can result in serious bloodstream infections. Bloodstream infections associated with the insertion and maintenance of central venous catheters (CVC) are among the most dangerous complications that can occur. These complications worsen patients’ health, prolong hospital stay and increase the cost of care.
- Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is the most common cause of health care-associated infection to the bloodstream.
- According to US CDC, between 12 and 25% of patients who acquire CRBSI die; many others have extended hospital stays, and increased overall treatment costs.
- Each year in the United States, central venous catheters may cause an estimated 80 000 catheter-related bloodstream infections in ICUs.
A total of 250 000 cases of BSIs have been estimated to occur annually if entire hospitals are assessed and, as a result, up to 62 000 deaths among patients in hospitals.
- A single incident of CRBSI can cost as much as US$ 56 000 to treat according to some studies, once the cost of pharmacy charges, catheter changes, lab tests and an additional day in the ICU are added up.