Public health, environmental and social determinants of health (PHE)

Health impacts

How large is the disease burden from urban outdoor air pollution?

Worldwide it is estimated that 1.3 million people -- more than half of them in developing countries -- die every year from urban outdoor air pollution. Urban outdoor air pollution is a major environmental health problem affecting people in both developed and developing countries. Populations living in cities with high levels of outdoor air pollution will have more heart disease, respiratory problems and lung cancers than those populations living in urban areas with cleaner air.