Nordic health care systems: Recent reforms and current policy challenges
Author(s)/Editor(s): WHO on behalf of the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies
Publisher/Organizer: Open University Press, McGraw-Hill Education
Publication date: 2010
Number of pages: 362
“The Nordic model of health care systems is assumed to contain consistent features across all five Nordic countries, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Iceland: tax-based funding, publicly owned and operated hospitals, universal access based on residency, and comprehensive coverage. The reality is considerably more complex, with great variation at the structural level in the way that institutions are designed and at the policy level in the way strategies are conceived and implemented.
This new comparative study, which also assesses the influence of the European Union on the Nordic health systems, highlights how the Nordic countries have retained the principles of universalism and equity while promoting the benefits of patient choice. These insights will be a welcome addition for health sector policy-makers and for students of health policy, not just in the Nordic countries but across Europe.
The editors: Jon Magnussen Professor in the Department of Public Health and Community Medicine at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim, Norway. Karsten Vrangbaek Lecturer at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Richard B. Saltman Associate Head of Research Policy at the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, and Professor of Health Policy and Management at the Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia.