Millennium Development Goals at midpoint: Where do we stand and where do we need to go?
Author(s)/Editor(s): Bourguignon F, Bénassy-Quéré A, Dercon S, Estache A, Gunning JW, Ravi Kanbur, Klasen S, Maxwell S, Platteau J-P, Spadaro A
Publisher/Organizer: European Commission, DG Development and Relations with African, Caribbean and Pacific States
Publication date: September 2008
Number of pages: 39
Paper written in the framework of the joint initiative "Mobilising European Research for Development Policies" for the European Commission (DG Development and Relations with African, Caribbean and Pacific States), Luxembourg, Finland, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. The paper was funded by the Department for International Development (DFID), UK. September 2008
“To elaborate this diagnostic, we focus on some very basic questions:
- How much has been achieved?
- What worked?
- What did not work well enough and why?
- What should be done to accelerate progress where needed?
- What could Europe do to contribute to the acceleration of the agenda?
The paper is structured as follows: The next section (2) is devoted to a quick review of the evidence available on progress towards the MDGs at global, regional and national levels. Section 3 introduces our conceptual framework, a ‘tripod’ that leads us to focus on the global economy, on domestic policy in developing countries and on aid. Section 4 focuses on the international environment, as well as on policies in developed countries that may affect developing countries through international markets. Section 5 deals with the financing of development and the MDGs through ODA. Section 6 considers the role of domestic policies. Section 7 examines the road ahead, drawing the lessons learned so far on MDGs, as an instrument to promote, plan and implement development. The last section sets out our recommendations in more detail.”