Addictive substances

Chapter 11: Smoking and oral tobacco use

Majid Ezzati and Alan D. Lopez

Chapter 12: Alcohol use

Jürgen Rehm, Robin Room, Maristela Monteiro, Gerhard Gmel, Kathryn Graham, Nina Rehn, Christopher T. Sempos, Ulrich Frick and David Jernigan

Chapter 13: Illicit drug use

Louisa Degenhardt, Wayne Hall, Matthew Warner-Smith and Michael Lynskey

WHO guidelines

WHO guidelines