Quantifying environmental health impacts

Data and statistics

The environmental burden of disease quantifies the amount of disease caused by environmental risks.

Disease burden can be expressed in deaths, incidence or in Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALY). The latter measure combines the burden due to death and disability in a single index. Using such an index permits the comparison of the burden due to various environmental risk factors with other risk factors or diseases.

Additional information required for the rational development of policies by the health sector and activities of other sectors which directly manage or influence the determinants of health includes the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interventions, the availability of resources, and the type of policy environment.


Exposure databases


Arie Basuki/WHO

Methods