Quantifying environmental health impacts

Global estimates of burden of disease caused by the environmental and occupational risks

Urban air pollution

Attributable mortality for urban air pollution by WHO subregion, 2000

Attributable mortality per 100 000 people for urban air pollution by WHO subregion, 2000

Attributable DALYs for urban air pollution by WHO subregion, 2000

Attributable DALYs per 100 000 people for urban air pollution by WHO subregion, 2000

Selected population attributable fractions for urban air pollution, by sex and level of development (% DALYs), 2000a


1 1 2 2 3 3
World World World 4 4 5 5 6 6
Males Females Both sexes Males Females Males Females Males Females
Cardio-pulmonary diseasesb 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 4% 4% 2% 2%
Respiratory infections 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 0% 1%
Trachea bronchus lung cancers 5% 6% 5% 5% 4% 8% 9% 3% 3%

1:High mortality developing; 2: Low mortality developing; 3: Developed; 4: (AFR-D, AFR-E, AMR-D, EMR-D, SEAR-D); 5: (AMR-B, EMR-B, SEAR-B, WPR-B); 6: (AMR-A, EUR-A, EUR-B, EUR-C, WPR-A)

Results based on the World Health Report 2002