Many dogs throughout the world receive rabies shots and some wildlife species are immunized orally using vaccine-loaded baits.
It is estimated that at least 50 million dogs are vaccinated each year against rabies either in private practices or during national campaigns organized by ministries of health or agriculture.
However, in many parts of Asia and Africa the vaccination coverage established in the dog population (30% to 50%) is not high enough to break the transmission cycle of the disease.
- organization of sustainable mass dog vaccination campaigns;
- dog population management through reduction of strays, control of trade and movement of dogs, reduction of populations through spaying and neutering;
- public health education strategies.