Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
What works and what does not: a discussion of popular approaches for the abandonment of female genital mutilation
Obstetric consequences of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C)
A systematic review of the obstetric sequelae of FGM shows the practice has serious harmful consequences. The review, commissioned by WHO and the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation, suggests that women who have undergone female genital mutilation are more likely than women who have not, to experience complications such as prolonged labour, perineal tears/lacerations, instrumental delivery, obstetric hemorrhage, and obstructed labour.