Guidelines for sexually transmitted infections surveillance
UNAIDS/WHO working group on global HIV/AIDS/STI surveillance
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a major global cause of acute illness, infertility, long-term disability and death, with severe medical and psychological consequences for millions of men, women and infants. The impact of these diseases is magnified by their potential to facilitate the spread of HIV infection. These guidelines for improving surveillance of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are intended to assist in the world-wide effort to prevent them. STI surveillance data should actively be used to improve the quality and effectiveness of STI and HIV prevention programmes and programmes of sexual and reproductive health. STI surveillance is considered by WHO/UNAIDS to be a key component of second-generation HIV/AIDS surveillance systems.
This report focuses primarily on those curable conditions and pathogens that are the main focus of STI control programmes: syphilis, chancroid, gonorrhoea, chlamydial infection, trichomoniasis, and the syndromes that they cause.
This document is intended to guide policy on strengthened surveillance for HIV. Technical guidelines for the various elements of surveillance— HIV and AIDS case reporting, field guidelines for serosurveillance for HIV, sexually transmitted infection (STI) surveillance, and behavioural data collection are being published separately as part of this series.