Review of priorities in research: Hormonal contraception and IUDs and HIV infection
Report of a technical meeting
This report summarizes the presentations, discussions, and recommendations that came out of a technical consultation in March 2007 to identify critical research priorities related to contraception and HIV, with particular emphasis on hormonal contraception and HIV. The report begins with an update of research on several new prevention technologies: microbicides, diaphragms, and condoms. This is followed by sections on the main topics considered at the consultation: contraception and the risk of HIV acquisition; hormonal contraception and HIV-1 infectivity; HIV disease progression and hormonal contraception; contraceptive side-effects and HIV infected women; and hormonal contraceptive use in women treated with antiretroviral drugs. The final section identifies key questions and recommendations across all the topics addressed in the consultation, and highlights those identified as priorities.