Sexual and reproductive health

New study highlights need for more research on female genital mutilation (FGM)

Mali, Social worker counsels a girl who was subjected to FGM
UNICEF/Pirozzi
Mali, Social worker counsels a girl who was subjected to FGM

17 December 2014. A new study, published today in the International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (BJOG) calls for further evidence on how to improve the care of women living with female genital mutilation (FGM). Conducted by WHO and the Geneva University Hospital, this study highlights that although international attention has focused on efforts to end these practices across the policy, community and health sectors, more than 125 million girls and women have been subjected to FGM and at least three million girls remain at risk every year. This paper reviews the existing evidence on obstetric outcomes, surgical interventions, and skills and training of health care professionals involved in the prevention and management of FGM and identifies future priority research areas.

WHO commits to stand against female genital mutilation (FGM) and child, early and forced marriage (CEFM)

22 July 2014 – WHO participated in the first Girl Summit in London. Organized by the UK Government, and co-hosted by UNICEF, the summit aimed to mobilize domestic and international efforts to end FGM and child, early and forced marriage within a generation. The summit invited dialogue and commitments from partner agencies, the private sector, religious organizations, civil society, and governments around the world.

Research and evidence on FGM

A pregnant woman talks to a community health worker outside her home, Ethiopia. She was subjected to FGM, as was her seven-year-old daughter.
UNICEF/Kate Holt
A pregnant woman talks to a community health worker outside her home, Amibara District, Ethiopia. She was subjected to FGM, as was her seven-year-old daughter.

WHO's research seeks to generate knowledge about the causes and consequences of FGM, how to eliminate it, and how to care for those who have experienced FGM. Summaries of other research in the following areas are also provided along with full texts where available.

Female genital mutilation (FGM)

About FGM

Reply to American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement on "Ritual genital cutting of female minors"


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