Sexual and reproductive health

Sexual and reproductive health and human rights of women living with HIV. JIAS Special issue

1 DEC 2015. WORLD AIDS DAY ¦ Women living with HIV can achieve safe and satisfying sexual lives, but there is still much to do for this to be a reality for the most vulnerable who face repeated violations of their rights. Antiretroviral treatment, together with advances in overcoming stigma and discrimination, and the development of HIV prevention interventions have all given hope and a chance at a healthy life for many around the world. For those who remain the most vulnerable, however, there is not nearly enough progress. Many women and girls living with HIV remain vulnerable due to a host of biological, social, cultural and economic reasons, including women’s continued social and economic inequality.

Linkages between sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV

Image of an African health-care provider in the field
WHO/Thierry Geenen

"Men build too many walls and not enough bridges", Isaac Newton.

Linkages, or the policy, programmes, services and advocacy synergies between SRH and HIV are approaches that have the potential to increase universal access to both sexual and reproductive health as well as HIV prevention and care.

SRH/HIV: Access to and coverage of services

Street Scene in Kiev, Ukraine. Gypsy population.
UNAIDS/L. Taylor

By minimizing missed opportunities we can increase access and coverage of services for more people including vulnerable populations, and ensure services for people living with HIV that meet their needs and respect their rights.

SRH/HIV: Policy and programmatic issues

Three orphan children walking away
Justin Hofmeyer

Leadership and action in supporting policy, systems and service levels that demonstrate improved outcomes.


Microbicide research

    UNAIDS Collaborating Center

Country summaries

These summaries highlight the experiences, results and actions from the implementation of the Rapid Assessment Tool for Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV Linkages. The tool – developed by IPPF, UNFPA, WHO, UNAIDS, GNP+, ICW and Young Positives in 2009 – supports national assessments of the bi-directional linkages between sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV at the policy, systems and services levels.


  • Full list
    Clinical and research guidance, studies, policy and programmatic issues.
  • Linkages resource pack
    Generic products of the Interagency Working Group on SRH and HIV Linkages designed to suit a variety of audiences and purposes including policy makers, advocates and programme managers.
  • WHO bulletin
    Special theme of strengthening the linkages between sexual and reproductive health and HIV