Sexual and reproductive health

Millennium Development Goal 5

Target 5.B: achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health

A health centre in Madagascar offering reproductive health services
UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe
A health centre in Madagascar offering reproductive health services

Definition of universal access to reproductive health

Reproductive health is a broad and comprehensive concept, which is defined by the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in all matters relating to the reproductive system and its functions and processes. ICPD places a strong emphasis on the needs and rights of individuals and disadvantaged populations, and upon the influence of the wider context on the achievement of sexual and reproductive health. The concept of “universal access” should reflect equity (equal access for equal need) and is dependent on the varying levels of need among individuals and during different times for each individual.

World Health Statistics 2013 related to MDG 5

World Health Statistics 2013 contains WHO's annual compilation of data from 194 Member States, and includes a summary of progress towards the health-related Millenium Development Goals and targets.


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Universal access to reproductive health

Front cover

Case-studies from seven countries (Brazil, Cambodia, India, Morocco, United Republic of Tanzania, Uzbekistan and Zambia) illustrating application of a variety of strategies to improve access to sexual and reproductive health, lessons learnt during implementation and results achieved.