Sexual and reproductive health

Forging a consensus on ending preventable maternal mortality

An indigenous Mayan woman cradles her newborn son in a maternity ward, Guatemala

In April 2014, United Nations agencies, donors, country stakeholders and other development partners met in Bangkok, Thailand for a “Consultation on targets and strategies for ending preventable maternal mortality (EPMM)”. The discussions were the culmination of earlier technical consultations that employed specific analytical methods to define feasible maternal mortality targets. The EPMM Working Group is now inviting comments on the draft paper “Strategies toward ending preventable maternal mortality”.

Over a million pregnant women infected with syphilis worldwide

Finger stick testing for syphilis in a health center of Mozambique
Finger stick testing for syphilis in Mozambique

Syphilis affects large numbers of pregnant women worldwide, causing serious health problems and even death to their babies. One study estimates the percentage of pregnant women tested for syphilis and adequately treated, ranges from 30% for Africa and the Mediterranean region to 70% for Europe. Another study suggests that, unless testing and treatment of syphilis in pregnancy are universally available, over half of pregnancies in women with syphilis will result in an adverse outcome.

WHO country data on sexually transmitted infections

For the first time, country-level STI data are available through the WHO Global Health Observatory. This data are reported by countries to WHO. Currently available indicators include testing of antenatal care attendees for syphilis (coverage and positivity), syphilis positivity in men who have sex with men (MSM), and syphilis in sex workers.

Born too soon: first report on preterm birth

Baby in an incubator

Every year 15 million babies are born preterm (more than 1 in 10 live births); more than 1 million die due to preterm complications. Preterm birth is the leading cause of newborn deaths and the second leading cause of death in children under 5, after pneumonia. Two thirds of the more than 1 million babies who die annually as a result of being born too soon could be saved if current cost-effective interventions were made available to all. This first-ever report on preterm birth is a joint effort of almost 50 international, regional and national organizations, and the estimates of preterm birth levels and trends presented reflect the collaborative work of WHO/RHR/HRP, Save the Children, and London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

Monitoring and evaluation

WHO: The International Classification of Diseases

Health service coverage indicators

The WHO annual world health statistics include data on the following related MDG indicators:
unmet need for family planning; contraceptive prevalence; antenatal care coverage; births attended by skilled health personnel.

Universal access to reproductive health

Front cover

Case-studies from seven countries (Brazil, Cambodia, India, Morocco, United Republic of Tanzania, Uzbekistan and Zambia) illustrating application of a variety of strategies to improve access to sexual and reproductive health, lessons learnt during implementation and results achieved.