Current situation and evolution
Road traffic crashes cause over 1.27 million deaths a year. They are predicted to rise to the fifth leading cause of death by 2030, resulting in an estimated 2.4 million fatalities per year.
Most road traffic deaths occur in low-income and middle-income countries
Over 90% of the world’s fatalities on the roads occur in low-income and middle-income countries, which have only 48% of the world’s registered vehicles.
Nearly half of those dying on the world’s roads are vulnerable road users
Pedestrians, cyclists, and riders of motorized two-wheeler and their passengers ("vulnerable road users") account for around 46% of global road traffic deaths.
Few countries have road safety laws relating to key risk factors that are sufficiently comprehensive in scope:
Enforcement of laws relating to key risk factors for road traffic injuries is poor in many countries
Enforcement of road safety laws is often lacking.