School and youth health

RAAPP in Indonesia

Country information

School children at recess
School children at recess

Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world with a population of approximately 205 million. Indonesia has been struggling to ensure an education for its population of 43 million school-age children. Approximately 96 percent are currently enrolled to receive formal education, and, for geographical reasons, the remaining individuals are educated through a scheme of informal, or out-of-school education in Indonesia.

In Indonesia, the national government and local governments share the responsibility of running primary schools. The local governments are responsible for facilities, while the central government is responsible for the teaching component through the provincial representative offices. In addition, about 16 percent of the school population attends schools coordinated by the Ministry of Religious Affairs. All schools use the curriculum coordinated and directed by the central government. Since 1983, the school health component of the national curriculum has been coordinated by the School Health Committee (SHCC). The initiative is coordinated and implemented by the Ministries of Health, Education and Culture, Religious Affairs and the Interior. In 1999, Indonesia begun its involvement with the RAAPP.

Source: Suharto, Sp.KO. School Health in Indonesia: National Strategies (1999). In World Health Organization (Ed.), Improving Health Through Schools: National and International Strategies. (pp. 81-84). Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.