Keeping the vector out - Housing improvements for vector control and sustainable development
This policy brief “Keeping the vector out: housing improvements for vector control and sustainable development” contributes to recognize the importance of integrated approaches of vector control and aiming at highlighting effective housing interventions to prevent vector-borne diseases.
With more than 80% of the world’s population at risk from at least one vector-borne disease, and more than half at risk from two or more, WHO and its Member States stress the need for implementation of relevant vector control interventions that go beyond the health sector and strengthen multisectoral approaches – with housing being a key part of the global response.
The evidence shows that poor quality housing and neglected peri-domestic environments are risk factors for the transmission of malaria, arboviral diseases (e.g. dengue, yellow fever, chikungunya, Zika virus disease), Chagas disease and leishmaniasis and that housing interventions such as screening windows, doors and eaves of houses, by fitting ceilings, and by reducing the vectors’ indoor hiding and breeding places, such as cracks and crevices in walls, floors and roofs are essential for reducing morbidity, mortality, human suffering and thereby promoting economic growth, well-being and the reduction of poverty.