Women and gender equity
Gender inequality damages the physical and mental health of millions of girls and women across the globe, and also of boys and men despite the many tangible benefits it gives men through resources, power, authority and control. Because of the numbers of people involved and the magnitude of the problems, taking action to improve gender equity in health and to address women’s rights to health is one of the most direct and potent ways to reduce health inequities and ensure effective use of health resources. Deepening and consistently implementing human rights instruments can be a powerful mechanism to motivate and mobilize governments, people and especially women themselves.
The Women and Gender Equity Knowledge Network focused on mechanisms, processes and actions that can be taken to reduce gender-based inequities in health by examining the following five areas:
- Factors affecting social stratification and how to improve women's status relative to men.
- Differential exposures to health-damaging factors.
- Differential vulnerabilities leading to inequitable health outcomes.
- Differential economical and social consequences of illness and reproductive health needs.
- Engendering health systems and health research.