Management of substance abuse

Gender, alcohol and culture: an international study (GENACIS)

GENACIS is a multidisciplinary international project initiated to address the dearth of data on gender and alchohol use. The project involves researchers from more than 20 countries with major funding from the European Union (EU), the U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the World Health Organization (WHO). As of January 2003, WHO has provided funding to researchers in seven low-income countries to enable them to participate in this project. Keeping in line with WHO's Gender Policy, this project addresses the need to recognize the significance of gender as a major variable in project development, data analysis and presentation.

The study will test the association between a wide array of individual-level and societal variables and alcohol consumption/alcohol problems in women and men. Some of these variables are: familial and social settings for alcohol consumption, social networks, intimate relations and sexuality, aggression and childhood abuse, health and lifestyle, work experience, social role, gender inequality, and drinking culture.

Participating countries

The countries participating in this project are: Argentina, Austria, Brazil, Canada, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Nigeria, Norway, the Russian Federation, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Uganda, United Kingdom and the United States of America.

The countries funded by WHO for this project are: Argentina, Costa Rica, India, Kazakhstan, Nigeria, Sri Lanka and Uganda.

The EU-funded project is currently based at the Free University, Berlin, Germany and the NIAAA/NIH project is based at the University of North Dakota, United States of America.

Data centralization for this study is currently taking place at the Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and other Drug Problems (ISPA), Lausanne, Switzerland.


The GENACIS Newsletter, Vol.1(1), contains important information concerning the progress of the project.


The book "Alcohol, Gender and Drinking Problems: Perspectives from Low and Middle Income Countries" is a product of the multinational collaborative project on "Gender, Alcohol and Culture: an International Study" (GENACIS). It addresses significant issues on gender and alcohol and presents data from eight low and middle income countries.