Emergency and essential surgical care

Education and Training Methodology

Adapting WHO generic package

The WHO IMEESC training package is generic, and includes WHO minimum standards for emergency and essential surgical care . The training package may be adapted to country specific needs for example translations, local adaptation of methodology. It also lays out the basic skills that the trainers will be expected to teach in the cascade trainings at various levels of health facilities.

Training equipment does not require the use of mannequins (which is often not readily available) and trainers can use various resources such as 'role play', animal models, locally made splints, oxygen cylinder, ambu bag, This also includes posters for HIV prevention, checklists on emergency, essential surgical and anaesthesia procedures, towards patient and health personnel safety. The workshop is interactive, with hands-on skills training and day to day clinical scenarios being given more importance for discussions and teaching than lectures.

Training workshops are organized preferably in a rural or district hospital setting, this gives the participants to easily adapt to organize further cascade training to reach out to first referral level. E-learning would be useful in the workshop, importance of e-learning need to be stressed. Computer orientation to the participants may be required.

Related documents

Country Reports on GIEESC

Contact information

Emergency & Essential Surgical Care Programme
Service Delivery and Safety
Health Systems and Innovation
World Health Organization
Avenue Appia 20
1211 Geneva 27

For feedback or other enquiries please contact us at surgery@who.int.