Tuberculosis (TB)

Table 2.1 Components of the Stop TB Strategy

1. Pursuing high-quality DOTS expansion and enhancement

a. Political commitment with increased and sustained financing
b. Case detection through quality-assured bacteriology
c. Standardized treatment with supervision and patient support
d. An effective drug supply and management system
e. Monitoring and evaluation system, and impact measurement

2. Addressing TB/HIV, MDR-TB and other challenges

– Implement collaborative TB/HIV activities
– Prevent and control MDR-TB
– Address prisoners, refugees, other high-risk groups and special situations

3. Contributing to health system strengthening

– Actively participate in efforts to improve system-wide policy, human resources, financing, management, service delivery and information systems
– Share innovations that strengthen health systems, including the Practical Approach to Lung Health (PAL)
– Adapt innovations from other fields

4. Engaging all care providers

– Public–Public and Public–Private Mix (PPM) approaches
– Implement International Standards for Tuberculosis Care

5. Empowering people with TB, and communities

– Advocacy, communication and social mobilization
– Community participation in TB care
– Patients’ Charter for Tuberculosis Care

6. Enabling and promoting research

– Programme-based operational research
– Research to develop new diagnostics, drugs and vaccines