Capacity building and initiatives
Some countries can't tackle the tobacco epidemic alone. WHO is there to help.
Implementation of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control requires strengthening of national capacity for tobacco control.
Article 5 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control mandates Parties to develop, implement, periodically update and review comprehensive multisectoral national tobacco control strategies, plans and programmes; to establish or reinforce and finance a national coordinating mechanism or focal points for tobacco control; and to adopt and implement effective legislative, executive, administrative and/or other measures. Building national capacity to carry out effective and sustainable national tobacco control programmes is an urgent priority and one of the most important measures required to combat the tobacco epidemic.
Capacity building has typically been defined as the development and strengthening of human and institutional resources. It is acknowledged that the process needs to go beyond the public sector, as it is also influenced by entities in the private sector including commercial enterprises and nongovernmental organisations. The United Nations Development Programme defines capacity as "the ability to perform functions, solve problems, and achieve objectives" at three levels: individual, institutional and societal. The expected outcome of building national capacity is a comprehensive and sustainable national strategy for multi-sectoral tobacco control programmes and policies.