Background papers to the WHO report on electronic nicotine delivery systems and electronic non-nicotine delivery systems (ENDS/ENNDS)
WHO commissioned four background papers to enable WHO to prepare the WHO report to the seventh session of the Conference of the Parties to the WHO FCTC on Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems and Electronic Non-Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS/ENNDS) (Document FCTC/COP/7/11).
These papers provide some evidence on exposure to aerosol from ENDS/ENNDS, the prevalence of ENDS/ENNDS use and its association with tobacco initiation in youths, the health effects of electronic cigarettes, and the effects of ENDS/ENNDS on tobacco smoking cessation or reduction. The authors, members of academic institutions, have given their permission and approval to the publication of these papers on the WHO website.
Exposure to aerosol from smoking-proxy electronic inhaling systems: a systematic review
Prevalence of smoking-proxy electronic inhaling system (SEIS) use and its association with tobacco initiation in youths: a systematic review
Electronic nicotine delivery systems and/or electronic non nicotine delivery systems for tobacco smoking cessation or reduction: a systematic review and meta-analysis
A systematic review of health effects of electronic cigarettes