Global Knowledge Base on Transplantation (GKT)

Global Knowledge Base on Transplantation  (GKT)

Through the GKT, the World Health Organization aims to bring together in one database information on organ, tissue and cell donation and transplantation from around the world. The GKT will be a source of information for all involved from the lay public, whose willingness to donate relies on an understanding of the value of transplantation and who might some day benefit as a recipient, to health professionals and health authorities responsible for the success, safety and quality of cell, tissue and organ transplantation, while maintaining the dignity of donors and recipients.

Global Transparency in Cell, Tissue and Organ Transplantation

Access to information is key to understanding the value of transplantation and to increasing the motivation to donate. The provision of transplantation information is the proof of transparency and is essential in fostering public trust in the integrity of the organizations providing and overseeing donation programmes and in the efficacy and safety of transplantation activities.

Transparency on the successes and risks of transplantation and on threats and responses is also vital for making decisions, whether as an individual or for the community

Improving the GKT – an ongoing process

The GKT is a tool that is being developed and elaborated over time as information becomes available and networks are established. Its primary role opens a window on the world of transplantation to all who are interested for lay or professional reasons.

Health authorities accountable for human material for transplantation are the prime source of information for the GKT. National transplantation organizations, as well as scientific and professional societies involved in transplantation, are collaborating with WHO in developing the GKT.

Four components to the GKT

The GKT has four components that are progressively developed:

  • GKT1 activities and practices in allogeneic transplantation: number of transplantations carried out globally, access to transplantation, outcomes of transplantation.
  • GKT2 legal framework and organizational structures of allogeneic transplantation.
  • GKT3 threats and responses, reference information on risks and vigilance and surveillance of safety and ethics.
  • GKT4 xenotransplantation.

The first two components, GKT1 and 2 lead to a global database that is in the Global Observatory on Donation and Transplantation (GODT). It is made possible through the support of the Government of Spain and collaboration with the Organización Nacional de Trasplantes (ONT).

Related link

Global Observatory on Donation and Transplantation:


Contact information

Transplantation of human cells, tissues and organs
Service Delivery and Safety
Health Systems and Innovation
World Health Organization
Avenue Appia 20
11211 Geneva 27