The “NVI Year in Review 2017” offers select highlights of the work of WHO's Department for the Management of Noncommunicable Diseases, Disability, Violence and Injury Prevention (NVI). These include preventing violence in El Salvador, making roads safer in Thailand and assessing the emergency care system in Tunisia. With support from colleagues and other experts, NVI has also issued new guidance on topics ranging from responding to sexual abuse to preventing drowning and promoting road safety. High-profile advocacy events included the Fourth UN Global Road Safety Week and the 8th Meeting on Milestones in a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention. NVI warmly thanks its partners for their ongoing collaboration and for sharing its vision of enabling people to live healthier, more productive lives.
WHO offers new tool for collecting data about burn injuries
Burns account for an estimated 180,000 deaths per year, the vast majority of which occur in homes and workplaces in developing countries. In addition non-fatal burn injuries are a leading cause of morbidity, often leading to prolonged hospitalization, disfigurement and disability. To help prioritize prevention programmes, WHO has launched the Global Burn Registry, the first ever global platform allowing for standardized data collection from burn victims. This new resource will provide health facilities with a clear picture of the factors most likely to contribute to burns and the populations at greatest risk in their settings.
Developing global performance targets for road safety
On 21 November 2017, Member States made history by concluding work on a comprehensive set of 12 global road safety targets to measure progress. Member States were represented at the gathering by senior government officials from a broad range of sectors, including health, transport, interior and police, among others. The targets align with the five pillars of the Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020: road safety management, safer roads and mobility, safer vehicles, safer road users, and post-crash response. In the coming months, WHO will work with Member States and other UN agencies to develop a set of indicators to facilitate measurement of the new targets. Both the global targets and indicators should help catalyze and set national targets and activities.
WHO launches new violence prevention resource
WHO has released “Violence Info”, a global interactive knowledge platform of scientific findings about the prevalence, consequences, causes and prevention of various forms of violence. The tool contains homicide rates and country-specific information on laws, policies, strategies and services to prevent and respond to violence. Globally, some 470 000 people are victims of homicide every year. Hundreds of millions more suffer non-fatal violence. Violence also contributes to leading causes of death such as cancer, heart disease and HIV/AIDS, because victims often adopt behaviours such as smoking, alcohol and drug misuse and unsafe sex. Beyond its impact on individual victims, violence undermines the social and economic development of whole communities. Violence Info was presented at WHO’s 8th Meeting on Milestones in a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention in October 2017.
SaveLIVES package offers strategies for making roads safe
In the context of the Fourth UN Global Road Safety Week, WHO released Save LIVES: a road safety technical package, an evidence-based inventory of 6 strategies and 22 interventions with a focus on Speed management, Leadership, Infrastructure design and improvement, Vehicle safety standards, Enforcement of traffic laws and post-crash Survival. Developed with the collaboration of many of the world’s leading road safety experts, the package aims to support decision-makers and practitioners in their efforts to reduce road traffic deaths and injuries and achieve the Sustainable Development Goal targets 3.6 and 11.2. Since countries are at varying stages of addressing this global health and development challenge, the package should not be considered a one-size-fits-all solution, but rather a guide to facilitate concrete action on effective interventions.
Fourth UN Global Road Safety Week kicks off worldwide
With 420 events registered in more than 100 countries, the Fourth UN Global Road Safety Week and its “Save Lives: #SlowDown” campaign, highlight the dangers of excessive and inappropriate speed and generate action on measures to address this leading risk for road traffic death and injury. Typically 40-50% of drivers go over the posted speed limits, and speed contributes to one in every three road traffic fatalities. Countries which have successfully managed speed have built roads to include features that calm traffic such as roundabouts and speed bumps; established and vigorously enforced speed limits; ensured that manufacturers install in-vehicle technologies such as autonomous emergency braking; and raised awareness about the consequences of speed through mass media campaigns. Reducing speed not only prevents road traffic crashes, but also leads to increases in walking and cycling and reductions in air and noise pollution, thereby making populations healthier and cities more liveable.
New guidance released to prevent drowning
Drowning takes the lives of around 360,000 people every year, and is the third leading cause of death for children aged 5-14 years. Preventing drowning: an implementation guide provides concrete guidance for programme managers for conducting situation assessments and implementing effective drowning prevention strategies. Case studies show real world application, emphasizing the putting in place of such strategies in low- and middle-income settings. The guide also offers information that is relevant for policy-makers who can enable the legislative frameworks which facilitate drowning prevention. The implementation guide builds on the recommendations of the first Global report on drowning released by WHO in 2014.
>1 500 000people lose their lives each year to violenceViolence prevention
Road traffic injuries
50%of all people dying on the roads are cyclists, pedestrians, or motorcyclistsGlobal status report on road safety 2015
2 300children die every day from injuriesWorld report on child injury prevention
21 November 2017
In a historic move, Member States concluded work on a comprehensive set of 12 global road safety targets, aligned with the five pillars of the Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020. These targets and associated indicators will provide an opportunity for countries to adjust the focus and scale of national road safety activities as needed in order to ensure that related SDG targets are met.
19 November 2017
In his role as Chair of the UN Road Safety Collaboration, WHO Director Dr Etienne Krug issued his annual statement for the Day, calling on countries to implement SaveLIVES: a road safety technical package and approve a set of global road safety performance targets to guide country action.
23 October 2017
Millions of children and adolescents are subjected to sexual abuse with devastating consequences for their health and well-being. To respond WHO published new evidence-based guidelines for health care providers: Responding to children and adolescents who have been sexually abused: WHO clinical guidelines.
20 October 2017
The 8th Milestones Meeting, hosted by the Government and the Public Health Agency of Canada in Ottawa, Canada, convened around 250 international participants from some 50 countries. Participants reviewed efforts to advance the implementation of policies and programmes to achieve the SDG violence-related targets.
19 October 2017
During the 8th Milestones Meeting, WHO released Violence Info, a global interactive knowledge platform of scientific findings about the prevalence, consequences, causes and prevention of various forms of violence. The tool contains homicide rates and country-specific information on laws, policies, strategies and victim services to prevent and respond to violence.
19 October 2017
More than 800 participants from over 60 countries came together in Vancouver, Canada, with many speakers reiterating the key messages and recommendations of the Global report on drowning and Preventing drowning: an implementation guide. Participants were positive on WHO’s next steps, which include the development of best practice standards, expanded country programming, and continuing support to the development of national drowning prevention policies.