The “NVI Year in Review 2017” offers select highlights of the work of WHO's Department for the Management of Noncommunicable Diseases, Disability, Violence and Injury Prevention (NVI). These include preventing violence in El Salvador, making roads safer in Thailand and assessing the emergency care system in Tunisia. With support from colleagues and other experts, NVI has also issued new guidance on topics ranging from responding to sexual abuse to preventing drowning and promoting road safety. High-profile advocacy events included the Fourth UN Global Road Safety Week and the 8th Meeting on Milestones in a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention. NVI warmly thanks its partners for their ongoing collaboration and for sharing its vision of enabling people to live healthier, more productive lives.
WHO offers new tool for collecting data about burn injuries
Burns account for an estimated 180,000 deaths per year, the vast majority of which occur in homes and workplaces in developing countries. In addition non-fatal burn injuries are a leading cause of morbidity, often leading to prolonged hospitalization, disfigurement and disability. To help prioritize prevention programmes, WHO has launched the Global Burn Registry, the first ever global platform allowing for standardized data collection from burn victims. This new resource will provide health facilities with a clear picture of the factors most likely to contribute to burns and the populations at greatest risk in their settings.
Developing global performance targets for road safety
On 21 November 2017, Member States made history by concluding work on a comprehensive set of 12 global road safety targets to measure progress. Member States were represented at the gathering by senior government officials from a broad range of sectors, including health, transport, interior and police, among others. The targets align with the five pillars of the Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020: road safety management, safer roads and mobility, safer vehicles, safer road users, and post-crash response. In the coming months, WHO will work with Member States and other UN agencies to develop a set of indicators to facilitate measurement of the new targets. Both the global targets and indicators should help catalyze and set national targets and activities.
WHO launches new violence prevention resource
WHO has released “Violence Info”, a global interactive knowledge platform of scientific findings about the prevalence, consequences, causes and prevention of various forms of violence. The tool contains homicide rates and country-specific information on laws, policies, strategies and services to prevent and respond to violence. Globally, some 470 000 people are victims of homicide every year. Hundreds of millions more suffer non-fatal violence. Violence also contributes to leading causes of death such as cancer, heart disease and HIV/AIDS, because victims often adopt behaviours such as smoking, alcohol and drug misuse and unsafe sex. Beyond its impact on individual victims, violence undermines the social and economic development of whole communities. Violence Info was presented at WHO’s 8th Meeting on Milestones in a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention in October 2017.
SaveLIVES package offers strategies for making roads safe
In the context of the Fourth UN Global Road Safety Week, WHO released Save LIVES: a road safety technical package, an evidence-based inventory of 6 strategies and 22 interventions with a focus on Speed management, Leadership, Infrastructure design and improvement, Vehicle safety standards, Enforcement of traffic laws and post-crash Survival. Developed with the collaboration of many of the world’s leading road safety experts, the package aims to support decision-makers and practitioners in their efforts to reduce road traffic deaths and injuries and achieve the Sustainable Development Goal targets 3.6 and 11.2. Since countries are at varying stages of addressing this global health and development challenge, the package should not be considered a one-size-fits-all solution, but rather a guide to facilitate concrete action on effective interventions.
Fourth UN Global Road Safety Week kicks off worldwide
With 420 events registered in more than 100 countries, the Fourth UN Global Road Safety Week and its “Save Lives: #SlowDown” campaign, highlight the dangers of excessive and inappropriate speed and generate action on measures to address this leading risk for road traffic death and injury. Typically 40-50% of drivers go over the posted speed limits, and speed contributes to one in every three road traffic fatalities. Countries which have successfully managed speed have built roads to include features that calm traffic such as roundabouts and speed bumps; established and vigorously enforced speed limits; ensured that manufacturers install in-vehicle technologies such as autonomous emergency braking; and raised awareness about the consequences of speed through mass media campaigns. Reducing speed not only prevents road traffic crashes, but also leads to increases in walking and cycling and reductions in air and noise pollution, thereby making populations healthier and cities more liveable.
New guidance released to prevent drowning
Drowning takes the lives of around 360,000 people every year, and is the third leading cause of death for children aged 5-14 years. Preventing drowning: an implementation guide provides concrete guidance for programme managers for conducting situation assessments and implementing effective drowning prevention strategies. Case studies show real world application, emphasizing the putting in place of such strategies in low- and middle-income settings. The guide also offers information that is relevant for policy-makers who can enable the legislative frameworks which facilitate drowning prevention. The implementation guide builds on the recommendations of the first Global report on drowning released by WHO in 2014.
>1 500 000people lose their lives each year to violenceViolence prevention
Road traffic injuries
50%of all people dying on the roads are cyclists, pedestrians, or motorcyclistsGlobal status report on road safety 2015
2 300children die every day from injuriesWorld report on child injury prevention
23 February 2018
Following establishment of global performance targets for road safety in November 2017, WHO facilitated a multi-stakeholder process to identify corresponding indicators. On 22-23 February participants representing 35 Member States as well as UN agencies deliberated over 33 proposed indicators. At the conclusion of the informal consultation, a set of indicators covering process and outcomes for each of the 12 global targets was identified by the group.
18 February 2018
University of California, San Francisco becomes WHO Collaborating Centre for Emergency and Trauma Care
The UCSF Department of Emergency Medicine has been designated as a WHO Collaborating Centre for Emergency and Trauma Care for its support to developing the WHO basic emergency care course for nurses, general practitioners and trainees on how to quickly assess patients and give acute care. The group will assist WHO in further developing tools to improve emergency care worldwide, including standardized clinical charts for emergency care visits, among others.
15 February 2018
On 14-15 February, representatives from governments, UN agencies, civil society and the private sector highlighted their commitment to ending violence against children by 2030. Hosted by the Government of Sweden, the first End Violence Solutions Summit demonstrated leadership, built political will and increased knowledge about how to prevent violence against children. In his remarks WHO Director-General Dr Tedros encouraged participants to implement INSPIRE: Seven strategies to end violence against children.
12 February 2018
WHO's global mentoring programme, MENTOR-VIP, pairs junior injury prevention practitioners with injury prevention experts to develop specific skills through a structured collaboration. Since its inception in 2007, nearly 100 mentorships on a range of violence and injury topics have been undertaken.
18 January 2018
Burns account for an estimated 180 000 deaths per year, the vast majority in homes and workplaces. Non-fatal burn injuries are a leading cause of morbidity, leading to prolonged hospitalization, disfigurement and disability. The Global Burn Registry provides health facilities with a clear picture of the factors most likely to contribute to burns and the populations at greatest risk in their settings, with a view to prioritizing prevention programmes.