Violence and Injury Prevention

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Only 40% of countries have a comprehensive helmet law and require helmets to meet a specific standard. Viet Nam has implemented a helmet law that covers all riders of all ages.

GRSP, P. Venter

Pedestrians (like these walking on the side of a main road in South Africa), cyclists, and drivers of motorized two-wheelers and their passengers account for almost half of global road traffic deaths.


Only 29% of countries have urban speed limits of 50km/h or below and allow local authorities to reduce them further. Mexico has recently scaled up its road safety activities including addressing speed.


Poor infrastructure and lack of pavements, and lighting are among the reasons why pedestrians have to share the roads with cars, buses, taxis and other modes of transportation. This is the case in many low-income countries around the world.

Over 90% of the world’s fatalities on the roads occur in low-income and middle-income countries, which have less than half of the world’s vehicles.

WHO, J. Passmore

Separating motorcyclists and cyclists from other motorized vehicles is one way to reduce the likelihood of crashes involving these road users from occurring.

WHO, P. Orellana

Less than half of countries worldwide have drink–driving laws based on a blood alcohol concentration limit that is equal to or less than 0.05 g/dl. Alcometers are part of the Mexican government’s programme to reduce drink–driving.

WHO, P. Virot

Africa has the highest rate of road traffic deaths per population because the infrastructure is poor, preventive measures are weak, and the post crash care is inadequate.

WHO, S. Lauwers

Where immediate paramedical assistance is not available, such as this in Switzerland, trained community members can provide first aid.

WHO, T. Toroyan

Child restraint laws need to be enacted and enforced. These laws, such as the one in France, should specify the type of restraint, the child’s age for which each restraint is appropriate, and the seating position.


Road traffic injuries are one of the top three causes of death for people aged between 5 and 44 years. In particular, young males are most at risk.

WHO, M. Peden

Prompt and good quality acute care like this being administered in Thailand could save many thousands of lives and prevent severe or permanent disability.

Global status report on road safety 2009