Violence and Injury Prevention

WHO supported road safety activities in Mozambique

WHO, M Peden

Background and road safety situation

Mozambique has a population of 19.8 million people and a gross domestic product of US$ 6.6 billion. Studies reveal that road traffic injuries in Mozambique are increasing, with at least three people killed daily. The age group most affected are those between 25 and 38 years.

The main risk factors for road traffic injuries included reckless driving, drunken driving, poor road surfaces, inadequate signs, lack of protection for pedestrians, and inadequate traffic law enforcement. A more recent study conducted in 2006 on mortality due to injuries in Maputo city in 2000 revealed that among the
1135 registered deaths, road traffic injuries accounted for the 43.7% of all injury deaths.

Current WHO supported projects in Mozambique

An integrated injury prevention programme

The World Health Organization has been supporting injury and violence prevention projects in Mozambique for the last six years. These projects have focused on injury surveillance systems, interpersonal violence prevention, prehospital and emergency care as well as studies on small arms and sexual violence. A need has been identified to include road traffic injuries in the injury focal areas. This need has arisen from epidemiological analysis of data from ongoing surveillance systems that shows that road traffic injuries are a major injury problem in Mozambique.

Since 2006, WHO is supporting two activities on road safety:

  • development of a national road safety strategy in collaboration with national institutions; and
  • strengthening data management capacity of Maputo City Traffic Police Department.

In 2008, WHO will commence a project focusing on road safety and children with support from the Flemish government.

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