Road safety in Viet Nam
Approximately 14 000 people lose their lives each year in Viet Nam as a result of road traffic crashes. Motorcyclists account for a high proportion (approximately 59%) of the road traffic collisions in the country. The majority of death and injuries on the roads are among those aged between 15 and 49 years – the group that makes up 56% of total population, and most economically active group. WHO estimates that road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death for those aged 15-29 years in Viet Nam. According to the recently published WHO Global status report on road safety, many of Viet Nam's existing road safety laws are either not comprehensive in their scope, or are poorly enforced. Viet Nam is one of ten countries included in the WHO Road Safety in 10 countries project which will be conducted over 5-years by a consortium of six international partners.
Road safety project
In Viet Nam the project will be led by a Working Group, co-chaired by the National Traffic Safety Committee and WHO, and comprising representatives from the Ministries of Public Security, Transport, Health and Education. WHO's international consortium partners, the Global Road Safety Partnership and the International Injury Research Unit from Johns Hopkins University are also represented in the working group, contributing technical guidance and funding.
The programme in Viet Nam is closely aligned to the achievement of national road safety objectives. The primary focus is to strengthen the prevention of drink-driving through social marketing, capacity building and enhanced enforcement, with some additional support towards increasing motorcycle helmet use among child passengers. Programme activities will be at the national level with some components implemented in an intervention zone comprising a national road corridor (National Highway 1) plus selected surrounding districts.