Documentation of violence prevention programmes
Since the January 2004 publication of the Handbook for the documentation of interpersonal violence prevention programmes the project has been piloted in provincial and municipal settings in: Brazil, India, Jamaica, Jordan, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Mozambique, and South Africa. Findings from these seven countries were reviewed at an April 2006 consultation, which showed the following very similar trends across all seven countries:
- A wealth of violence prevention activities (in all, over 600 programmes were documented);
- Most programmes were community-based and staffed mainly by non-professionals;
- Most programmes focused on training and counselling individuals and on raising awareness in the community;
- Few programmes were systematically designed using data about the problem of violence, its causes and what was most likely to work;
- Almost no programmes were attempting to measure the effects of their interventions on risk factors for violence or the frequency of new acts of violence.
As a result of these findings, WHO and Liverpool's John Moore University Centre for Public Health (a WHO Collaborating Centre designate) developed an online tool to improve access to the evidence base for violence prevention. The online resource provides a register of outcome evaluation studies and gives access to the evidence base of completed violence prevention outcome evaluation studies.
It can be found at http://www.nwph.net/preventviolence/default.aspx