Violence and Injury Prevention

16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence

Violence against women and HIV

Fact 5: Violence against women increases the likelihood of being infected with HIV.

Studies from India, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, the United States of America and other countries show that violence against women increases the risk of HIV infection. A recent study of young women in South Africa showed that HIV negative women who had experienced intimate partner violence or high levels of gender inequality in their relationships with men were 51% more likely to acquire HIV over the next two years. To support programme managers in dealing with violence against women and HIV/AIDS, WHO has published Addressing violence against women in the context of HIV/AIDS: What works?, which can be downloaded here: