Violence and Injury Prevention

Prevent: August 2007 (Issue 10)

HIGHLIGHTS

3rd Milestones in a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention Meeting
On 17-19 July, the 3rd Milestones meeting was held in Scotland at the Scottish Police College, Tulliallan Castle, Kincardine, Scotland. The meeting, generously hosted by the Violence Reduction Unit of the Scottish Executive, marks the five year anniversary of the launch of the World report on violence and health. The meeting was attended by nearly 200 delegates including the Minister of Health of Mexico, the Chief Medical Officer of Ghana, and the Deputy Chief Medical Officer of the Scottish Executive along with policy-makers, high-level planners and others with decision-making and follow-up authority at local, regional and international level. The meeting focused on scaling up violence prevention globally including primary prevention efforts, service delivery, data and monitoring, and outcome evaluation and presentations highlighted recent advances and ongoing work in violence prevention at the regional and country level. The meeting outcomes included the launch of the Third Milestones in a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention report, shared knowledge on the need for outcome evaluation and expansion of effective violence prevention programmes, and identification of joint projects and next steps in the area of evidence-based approaches to violence prevention.

For further information, please visit
http://www.actiononviolence.com/aov/83.81.61.html
http://www.who.int/violenceprevention/events/17_07_2007/en/index.html

or contact
Dr Alex Butchart at
butcharta@who.int

World Health Assembly
On 14-25 May, the Sixtieth World Health Assembly (WHA) convened in Geneva. During the WHA, Member States discussed and adopted a Resolution on Emergency Care Systems. The Resolution, initially proposed by Romania and Thailand, draws the attention of governments to the need to strengthen pre-hospital and emergency trauma care systems (including mass casualty management efforts) and describes a number of steps governments and WHO should take. Twenty seven governments representing countries from all regions and income levels spoke in support of the Resolution thereby underlining the importance of the issue. In their remarks, governments were unanimous in stressing their support. Many countries highlighted the growing burden of injuries and violence and the challenge to develop adequate responses in low resource settings. In addition, the WHA reviewed a progress report on the World report on violence and health: implementation of recommendations.

For further information, please contact
Dr Etienne Krug at
kruge@who.int

To download a copy of the adopted resolution, visit
http://www.who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/WHA60/A60_R22-en.pdf

Three Countries Initiate Work on Costing of Injuries Due to Violence
On 5-6 June, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda initiated work on estimating the costs of injuries due to violence in a training workshop in Entebbe, Uganda attended by over 20 health researchers from the three African countries and representatives from UNDP and UN Habitat. The workshop was hosted by the WHO Uganda country office with support from the WHO Regional Office for Africa and WHO headquarters. The country representatives were briefed on the rationale for and aims of estimating the direct and indirect economic costs of violence and the step-by-step process for conducting such estimates in their countries as set out in the draft WHO-US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention "Guidelines for estimating the economic costs of interpersonal and self-directed violence". Discussion gave careful attention to how the guidelines could be adapted to local conditions and how local efforts to estimate the economic costs of other health conditions (e.g. malaria, HIV) could be a source for necessary information. The workshop concluded with presentations of prepared proposal outlines to be further developed into funded country projects for Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.

For further information, please contact
Dr Olive Kobusingye at
kobusingyeo@zw.afro.who.int


OTHER RECENT EVENTS

July 2007

Third Milestones of a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention Report 2007: Scaling up
WHO has released the document Third Milestones of a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention Report 2007: Scaling up. This document provides an update on developments in the Global Campaign for Violence Prevention since the launch of the World report on violence and health. The report provides a general overview of the global burden of violence, the global response and country actions to prevent violence, key messages and insights gained during the five years since the release of the World report on violence and health, and briefly discusses the integration of violence prevention in the international development agenda. The report was unveiled at the Third Milestones Meeting in July 2007. 

To download a copy of the document, visit
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789241595476_eng.pdf

For further information, please contact
Dr Alex Butchart at
butcharta@who.int

June 2007

Small Arms Violence Workshop on Data Collection
On 4-5 June, the Small Arms Survey hosted a workshop in Geneva that included representatives from WHO, UNDP, UNODC, UNICEF, UNIDIR, the ICRC, international development agencies, academic research centres and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to discuss data collection related to armed violence issues. The meeting was a technical follow-up to the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development (launched at the Geneva Summit on Armed Violence and Development in June 2006 and now endorsed by 50 countries). Data collection needs for monitoring impacts of armed violence as well as effectiveness of programmes to reduce armed violence were prioritized.

For further information, please contact
Dr David Meddings at
meddingsd@who.int

Regional Launch of UN Secretary-General's Study on Violence Against Children
On 24-26 June, the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood in collaboration with the League of Arab States, the UNICEF Middle East and North Africa Regional Office, the WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, the Arab Council for Childhood and Development, and Save the Children (Sweden) organized a launch of the Arabic version of the UN Secretary-General's Study on Violence Against Children in Cairo, Egypt. Among the presentations was an overview of WHO's activity related to follow-up of the UN Secretary-General's Study and a process for developing national action plans on violence against children. In addition, the WHO-ISPCAN document Preventing child maltreatment: a guide to taking action and generating evidence was presented. Advance copies of the Arabic translation of the document also were made available.

For further information, please contact
Dr Jaffar Hussain at
hussains@emro.who.int

US Institute of Medicine of the National Academies Workshop
On 26-27 June, the US Institute of Medicine of the National Academies sponsored a workshop on "Preventing Violence In Low- and Middle-income Countries: Finding a Place on the Global Health Agenda" in Washington, DC, USA. The workshop brought together experts who deal with violence prevention issues in the United States as well as representatives of the global health community, particularly those with an understanding of the burden of violence in low- and middle-income countries. They discussed the need for violence prevention in such countries, highlighted public health approaches for preventing violence in these settings and identified the need for greater technical assistance and resource support from the United States, both public and private sectors. Follow-up on how to increase the visibility of global violence prevention on the United States development agenda will take place over the coming months including the development of a meeting report that further describes why global violence prevention is in the United States' interest.

For further information, please visit
http://www.iom.edu/CMS/3783/41779.aspx

or contact
Dr Alex Butchart at
butcharta@who.int

May 2007

WHO Meeting on Primary Prevention of Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Violence
On 2-3 May, the first ever WHO Expert Meeting on Primary Prevention of Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Violence was held at WHO headquarters in Geneva.  The meeting was co-hosted by the Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention and the Department of Gender, Women and Health. Experts with experience in primary prevention programmes focusing on individuals, families, communities and societies participated in the meeting. They provided clear suggestions on content and structure for WHO advocacy and technical guidance documents for the prevention of intimate partner and sexual violence. They also discussed the longer-term objectives of developing a global prevention strategy, including WHO's role within such a strategy. The documents will be developed over the coming months with the aim of increasing demand for and commitment to primary prevention, and of building capacity to implement primary prevention approaches across the life-course.

For further information, please contact
Dr Alex Butchart at
butcharta@who.int

or

Dr Claudia Garcia-Moreno at
garciamorenoc@who.int

Alcohol and Injury in Emergency Departments
On 18 May, the WHO Collaborative Study on Alcohol and Injuries released the results of a multi-country study on alcohol and injury in emergency rooms. The Study, which was initiated by the WHO Department of Mental Health and Substance Dependence in collaboration with the Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention, has been implemented in 12 countries: Argentina, Belarus, Brazil, Canada, China, Czech Republic, India, Mexico, Mozambique, New Zealand, South Africa, Sweden. Information gained from the Study can be used to inform policy-makers of the high burden of intentional and unintentional injuries associated with alcohol use.

To download a copy of the Summary of the Report from the WHO Collaborative, visit
http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/publications/alcohol_injury_summary.pdf

April 2007

Prevention of Violence Workshop in Turkey
On 4-6 April, a Prevention of Violence Workshop was held in Ankara, Turkey, convened by the Grand National Assembly of Turkey as the culmination of a Parliamentary Commission of Enquiry into youth violence and the prevention of youth violence in the country. The Commission was led by a Member of Parliament, Ms Halide Incekara, and was attended by nearly 100 participants representing multiple government sectors, including the education, housing, justice, police and health ministries. Presentations were made by WHO staff (Dr Alex Butchart and Dr Dinesh Sethi) on a global overview of violence and violence prevention and youth violence prevention, and by national experts on the results of a recent survey of exposure to violence among 26,000 adolescents. Following these plenary presentations, small group discussions were held to identify recommendations to be made to the Grand National Assembly by the Commission of Enquiry.

For further information, please contact
Dr Dinesh Sethi at
din@ecr.euro.who.int

Finnish Conference on Violence and Alcohol
On 25 April, a one-day conference on violence and alcohol was organized in Helsinki, Finland by the Ministry of Health. The conference focused on preventing domestic and intimate partner violence and the focus groups were politicians (municipalities and communities) and service providers / professionals. Presentations included violence-related trauma treatment methods and Finnish models of crisis interventions.

For further information, please contact
Dr Freja Ulvestad Kärki at
fru@euro.who.int

March 2007

PAHO Regional Launch of UN Study on Violence Against Children
On 6 March, PAHO hosted a regional launch of the UN Secretary-General's Study on Violence Against Children in Washington DC. Participants included the independent expert and leader of the UN Study, the Director of the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Executive Director of the Ricky Martin Foundation, and a young person from an NGO called Barrios Unidos.

For further information, please contact
Dr Alberto Concha Eastman at
conchaal@paho.org

Human Rights Council Special Event on Violence Against Children
On 19 March, the Human Rights Council of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights organized a special event on follow-up to the UN Secretary-General's Study on Violence Against Children. WHO participated in a panel during the session, along with representatives of other UN agencies. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro provided an overview of planned follow-up activities. More than 20 countries and several nongovernmental organizations addressed the meeting, all of them indicating support and commitment to implementing the Study recommendations.

For further information, please visit
http://www.ohchr.org


UPCOMING EVENTS

ISPCAN Asian Regional Conference
On 23-26 September 2007, the 7th Asian Regional Conference of the International Society for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect will be held in Manila, Philippines.

For further information, please visit
http://www.ispcanmanila.org.ph

UN Habitat International Conference on the State of Safety in World Cities 2007
On 1-5 October 2007, an International Conference on the State of Safety in World Cities will be held in Monterrey, Mexico.

For further information please visit
http://www.unhabitat.org/categories.asp?catid=545

ISPCAN European Regional Conference
On 18-21 November 2007, the 11th European Regional Conference of the International Society for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect will be held in Lisbon, Portugal.

For further information, please visit
http://www.ispcan.org/euroconf2007

9th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion
On 15-18 March 2008, the 9th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion will be held in Merida, Mexico.

For further information, please visit
http://www.safety2008mx.info

ISPCAN International Congress on Child Abuse and Neglect
On 7-10 September 2008, the 17th ISPCAN International Congress on Child Abuse and Neglect will be held in Hong Kong.

For further information, please visit
http://www.ispcan.org/congress2008/


PUBLICATIONS

Preventing injuries and violence: a guide for ministries of health
WHO has released the document Preventing injuries and violence: a guide for ministries of health. The document sets out the role of ministries of health in the prevention and management of injuries and violence and the development of effective injury and violence prevention programmes.

To download a copy of the document, visit
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/978924155254_eng.pdf

For further information, please contact
Ms Laura Sminkey at
sminkeyl@who.int

Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Researching, Documenting and Monitoring Sexual Violence in Emergencies
The Department of Gender, Women and Health has released the document Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Researching, Documenting and Monitoring Sexual Violence in Emergencies. This document follows on a 2006 Expert Consultation on Ethical, Safety and Methodological Issues in Researching, Monitoring and Documenting Sexual Violence in Emergencies. The document addresses the unique set of challenges when collecting and using information about sexual violence and provides much needed guidance in the area of ethical and safety guidelines specific to collection of information about sexual violence in emergencies.

For further information, please contact
Ms Chen Reis at
reisc@who.int

To download a copy of the document, visit
http://www.who.int/gender/documents/EthicsSafety_web.pdf

Violence Prevention Alliance Working Group on Youth Violence, Alcohol and Nightlife Fact Sheets
The Violence Prevention Alliance Working Group on Youth Violence, Alcohol, and Nightlife led by Dr Mark Bellis at Liverpool John Moores University released the second and third fact sheets on the topic of youth violence, alcohol and nightlife. Fact Sheet 2: the role of door staff in violence prevention discusses the role of door staff in violence prevention in nightlife environments and outlines measures being undertaken in various countries to strengthen this role. Fact Sheet 3: late night transport discusses the importance of late night transport in violence prevention and outlines measures being undertaken in various countries to increase the availability and safety of transport in nightlife environments.

To download a copy of Fact Sheet 2: the role of door staff in violence prevention, visit
http://www.cph.org.uk/cph_pubs/reports/CH/vpa_mar07(web).pdf

To download a copy of Fact Sheet 3: Late night transport, visit
http://www.cph.org.uk/cph_pubs/reports/CH/VPA%20fact%20sheet%203%20transport.pdf

Please note these are not WHO publications; rather, these are published by a participant in the Violence Prevention Alliance, a network of WHO Member State governments, nongovernmental and community-based organizations, and private, international and intergovernmental agencies working to prevent violence. The Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention, World Health Organization serves as the Secretariat for the Violence Prevention Alliance.

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